Your Pump Infusion Set Can Make All The Difference

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A Typical infusion set is made up of the pump connector, a length of tubing, and the needle or cannula. Different sets suit different people and it is important to experiment when you first get your pump, to find out what works for you. Tiny blockages can build up in the needle or cannula that the pump can’t detect. Changing the infusion set regularly is vital for good performance.


If you are still considering which pump to buy, you should carefully consider the cost of the infusion set, as over time, this cost will overtake the initial cost of the pump.

Here are some of the key points to think about:

Needle or Cannula Needles are good for people with little body fat or who are allergic to cannulas. Needles need changing daily or every other day. Cannulas are more popular, as they are more comfortable for most people. A cannula-based infusion set will last up to three days.

Insertion angle Straight forward 90-degree needle offers the simplest and most repeatable insertion. This type is good for those less keen on needles and like a fast insertion. Angled sets are available with 30 to 45 deg angles. These offer a greater variety of insertion depths and favor slower insertion.

Needle / Cannula Depth In order to accommodate different amounts of fatty tissue, different insertion depths are available. Typically, 2 or 3 needle depths are available and your doctor can advise you.

Tubing length A length of tubing connects the needle/cannula to the connector at the pump. Allow yourself plenty.


As with manual injections with an insulin pen, where you set up your infusion set is important. The best areas are at the front and sides of the stomach, acceptable sites are on the outside of the thighs and tops and bottoms of your upper arms.

You should also rotate your site position. It’s a good idea to write a memo, so you remember where in your rotation you are, on the infusion set itself.


Follow these simple steps to ensure trouble-free site preparation and infusion set insertion:

Always start with clean hands, preferably use an anti-bacterial soap

Clean the area thoroughly and allow to dry naturally

Keep the cannula sterile – do not allow it to touch anything non-sterile

Infusion set insertion is often better if you are standing rather than sitting

Make the skin taut and follow any specific manufacturers instructions for the final insertion

Check your blood glucose levels about two hours after a new infusion set is inserted

When the time comes to remove the set, soften the dressing with water or baby oil, and keep the skin taut as you remove the set. NEVER reinsert a used infusion set! NEVER try to immediately reinsert a new infusion set on the same site.

The latest Infusion pumps such as Hospira Plum 360, Plum 360, Hospira IV Pumps can be accessed at Soma Technology site